نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The life of the prophets, as described in religious texts, was always an
intersting subject of mystical thinking. Jīlī, who was a student of Ibn
Arabī’s mystical school, studied the life of the divine prophets such as
Moses and Jesus, which were revealed in Quranic verses and with
allegorical interpretation he compared these stories with mental
Considering Moses’ life, Jīlī emphasizes the annihilation of human
soul, unique truth of divinity, unveiling of duality in Divine creative
being and at last the union of perfect man with God.
He believes that Torah was the manifestation of qualitative names
of God, while Gospel was the manifestation of essential name of God.
God revealed Torah to Moses in nine tablets. He was permitted to
preach seven tablets, but the other two tablets which were ''Power and
Lordship'', belonged to Jesus. Jesus preached these two tablets to his
people and as a result his people believed in Trinity and went astray.
Jīlī believes that Gospel has esoteric and exoteric characteristics.
According to him, the beginning verse of the Gospel, i.e. In the name
of Father, Mother and Son, are the exoteric one. It could be compared
with the beginning verse of Quarn, i.e. In the name of Allah, Most
Beneficent, Most Merciful. The people of Jesus only comprehended the
exoteric meaning of the verse and identified it with Spirit, Mary and
Jesus. They ignored the esoteric meaning of the Gospel, that is the
appearance of God in creation and the manifestation of divine names in
bodily beings. Therefore they believed in anthropomorphism and
restriction of the Infinite.