نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
There is no accurate description of a kind of "biological classification"
in the Holy Qur’ān and the Old Testament. Moreover, in contrast to the
biological texts, Qur’ān and the Old Testament do not aim at scientific
categorization of creatures, and therefore it seems that their verses are
the reflection of their addressees’ knowledge of the nature. Both these
books have similar attitudes toward creatures– particularly plants– and
perhaps these similarities are rooted in their same revelatory origin or
the similar cultural background of their prophets and their addressees.
However, the Qur’ān’s description of creatures is more elaborate than
that of the Old Testament.
Therefore, only through logical deductions from the verses of Holy
Qur’ān, the Old Testament and their interpretations one can talk about
the "biological classification" according to these two scriptures. This
essay tries to give an account of such classification and to compare
their similarities and discrepancies. This leads us to this conclusion:
The cosmology of the holy scriptures basically differ from the
viewpoints of the Greek philosophers.