عنوان مقاله [English]
Catholicism, inspired by New Testament, has a dual view about marital
love. On the one hand it regards the union of a man and his wife as the
symbol of the eternal union of Christ and Church deals with it as a
sacrament, on the other hand, it regards sexual relation as the base of
this union and accepts its legitimacy only for the purpose of
reproduction without any pleasure-seeking intention. Protestant leaders
denied marriage as a religious sacrament but had a positive view about
marital sexual relations. In Paradise Lost John Milton criticizes the
catholic view vigorously. He says love, as emotional attachment and
empathy not sexual relation, is the base of marital relationship and
believes that true marital love has a transcending effect on the lover.
Therefore one can say that Milton’s views about marital love are even
more positive than the views of the leaders of the Reformation.