نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشآموختۀ دکتری گروه ادیان و عرفان، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه ادیان و عرفان، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Abraham Abulafia and Isaac Luria, two famous Jewish mystics, have presented a different and new description of creation and salvation, which is very different from the Torah tradition. However, both of them have presented their teachings in the form of interpretation of the Torah. In accord with the early Kabbalistic tradition, Abulafia believes that the creation took place through a series of divine emanations. Salvation is like climbing a ladder or the reverse course of the creation process, during which the soul rejoins the world of divinity and will be redeemed. But Luria explains the process of creation using the concept of Tzimtzum (God's retreat) and believes that humans are subject to repeated births and deaths. But, with certain practices, including religious rituals, meditation and penance, the long process of reincarnation can be shortened. So man plays an important role in the process of salvation.